Retina – Macular degeneration Surgery
This type of surgery (microsurgery) is suitable for a variety of conditions in the posterior half-length of the eye. It is a very safe and painless surgical technique with an extremely low complication / risk ratio.
During vitrectomy, vitreous (transparent gel consisting of 98% water) is removed through very small incisions (about 0.5 mm).
Indications of Vitrectomy
The vitrectomy surgery used to treat various diseases of the retina, macular and vitreous, such as:
- Retinal detachment (Reshaped detachment as well as Relative retinal detachment commonly found in diabetic patients)
- Macular ooze
- Epithelial / Retinal Membrane
- Femoral hemorrhage
- Bleeding / Wind Turbidity
- Productive diabetic retinopathy
- Chronic or Refractory macular edema
It is also suitable for the treatment of:
Complications of cataract surgery such as, crystalline lens or intraocular,
serious cases of ocular trauma such as an intravenous foreign body.
The technique of vitrectomy is done with local anesthesia and usually no treatment is required. It is not a painful surgery and can be combined with surgery in the anterior half of the eye, such as cataract surgery or cornea transplant or even anti-glaucoma surgery.
During surgery, 3 or 4 microscopic incisions are performed in the eye in order to enter the special microsurgical tools and with the help of specialized and ultramodern machines, the specialist surgeon performs the delicate surgical procedures for the treatment of the condition.
These incisions usually do not require stitching because of their tiny size.
At the end of the procedure, the vitreous is replaced by either a specific fluid (BSS) or an air-specific gas (SF6, C2F6, C3F8), or a special silicone oil in case of particular gravity.
In some cases where silicone oil is injected into the vitreous cavity, a new, lesser silicone removal surgery is needed after a few months (usually about 3-6 months).