The only treatment is surgical removal. Through a small incision of 2-2.5 mm and using ultrasonic (not laser) we remove the blurred lens. Then place a new folding intraocular lens and seal the surgical suture without sutures.
This method is called phacoemulsification and is the most widespread in the world. In more rare cases, such as when the cataract is very tough, we apply the oldest method, the extra-occipital ablation.
How safe is the technique of phacoemulsification?
With the perfection of technology, visual acuity recovery approaches 98-99% and most surgeons perceive it from the very first postoperative day. As with any surgery, intraoperative or post-operative complications may occur, but as a rule, they are reversible.
The phacoemulsification lasts for about 10-15 minutes; it is painless and performed without injections, only by instillation of local anesthetic drops. Less commonly, general anesthesia, e.g. in non-collaborating patients.
Should you wait for cataract to mature for its removal?
No, of course not, this is a myth. It is common for a mature cataract to be difficult even by experienced surgeons. Because blurring of the lens is irreversible, it is advisable to treat it in good time before it reaches an advanced stage.
The five advantages of phacoemulsification make the operation more tempting:
- No stitches
- They do not need injections or narcosis
- Short duration of operation less than 15 minutes
- Absence of pain, both during and after surgery
- No need for hospitalization (the patient can immediately return to his / her home)