What is myopia?
Myopia is a very common refractive disorder in which distant vision is particularly difficult.
In myopia, the light from the environment around us, and therefore the images of the various objects, do not focus on the back of our eye, that is to the retina, as is the case in normal emmetropic eyes but in front of it, we see clearly the objects that are far away from us.
Main reasons for myopia development:
- Increased refractive power of the eye (refractive myopia)
- Increased sagittal axis of the eye (axial myopia)
- Heredity (determination of grades and progression of refractive error)
- Reading and computer use (contributing to the deterioration of abnormality)
- Hormonal changes (e.g. during pregnancy, deterioration of the condition is observed)
- Environmental factors
- Congenital glaucoma
- Optical neuropathy
Myopia can be treated with:
- Vision glasses
- Contact lenses
- Refractive surgery (surgery with excimer laser)
- Surgery for implantation of phakic intraocular lens and replacing the crystalline, natural lens of the eye, most often in cases of very high myopia (degenerative myopia)